Rural Livelihood refers to the village level population where nearly two-fifth of all rural families are agricultural labourers in our country. There are some who have small plots of land and some are landless. Not being able to earn money forces people in rural areas to travel long distances in search of work. It takes place during particular seasons.
Labourers or small farmers in rural areas are being exploited by big farmers. They are paying very less to the labourers as comparison to the marked standard.
Sometime small farmers borrow money from money lenders to purchase basic things like seeds, fertilizers and pesticides. There can be crop failure if pests attack on the crop or the monsoon does not bring enough rain. In this situation farmers borrow more money to survive. Soon the loan becomes so large and they are not able to repay. It results in many farmers committing suicide.
This means that the lands on a hill slope is made into flat plots and curved out in steps. The sides of each plot are raised in order to retain water. It is best for rice cultivation.
In India almost 40% rural families are agricultural labourers families. They depend on the fields of others to earn livelihood. In these some are landless and some have small plots. And further in India 80% farmers are small farmers.
In central India farming and collecting honey, mahua from the forest are the important sources of livelihood. Further In some villages selling milk to the co operative societies is the main source of livelihood. Moreover In coastal areas fishing is the main source of livelihood. They catch the fishes and sell in nearby villages to earn some money.
Mostly people in rural areas are depend on farming. They do the farm activities like sowing, weeding and harvesting crops. They depend on the nature for the growth of these crops. Most farmers grow crops both for their own requirements and also to sell in the market.
*There is contour line farming in Plateau area.
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Read Also: Urban Livelihood