A part of one sentence from the prashasti composed by Harisena
Whose body was most charming, being covered with the plenteous beauty of the marks of hundreds of scars caused by battle-axes, arrows, spikes, spears, barbed darts, swords, iron clubs, javelines, barbed arrows, long arrows and many other weapons.
The era beginning in the 58 BCE is traditionally associated with Gupta king. Chandragupta II, who had founded it as a mark of victory over the Shakas and assumed the title of Vikramaditya. The Vikram Samvat has also been adopted alongside the Gregorian calendar as the national calendar by independent India.
Banabhatta provides us with a vivid picture of the king’s army on the move;
The king travelled with an enormous amount of equipment Apart from weapons, there were things of daily use such as pots, pans, furniture, golden footstools, food, including animals such as goat, deer, rabbits, vegetables, spices, carried on carts or loaded on to pack animals such as camels and elephants. This huge army was accompanied by musicians beating drums, and others playing horns and trumpets
Villagers had to provide hospitality along the way. They came with gifts of curds, gur and flowers, and provided fodder for the animals. They also tried to meet the king, and place their complaints and petitions before him.
The army left a trail of destruction behind. Elephants often trampled down the huts of villagers, and the oxen yoked to the caravans of merchants ran away, scared by the tumult.
As Banabhatta says: “The whole world was swallowed up in dust.”
Arabia is a desert, it was at the hub of communications for centuries. In fact, Arab merchants and sailors played an important role in the sea trade between India and Europe. Others who lived in Arabia were the Bedouins, pastoral tribes depending mainly on camels.
Around 1400 years ago, Prophet Muhammad introduced a new religion, Islam, in Arabia. Like Christianity, Islam was a religion that laid stress on the equality and unity of all before Allah, the one supreme god. Here is a verse from the Quran:
“For Muslim men and women, believing men and women, for devout men and women, true, who are patient and constant, who humble themselves, give in charity, who fast, who guard their chastity, and who engage much in Allah’s remembrance, for them has Allah prepared forgiveness and great reward.” Within a hundred years Islam spread to north Africa, Spain, Iran and India. Arab sailors brought the new religion with them. Arab soldiers conquered Sind (Presently in Pakistan) about 1300 years ago.